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Everything posted by lukeboshier

  1. Greetings to all! Nice to see this thread still going... This work with leguminous woody plants progressed into developing updraft gasifiers where i not only energize my farm but produce +/- 90% pure Biochar. My feedstock of choice is Acacia Saligna (Port Jackson) and Acacia Cyclops (Rooikrans) which is regarded as invasive in South Africa. The larger pieces are sold off as fire wood and the rest is chipped for Biochar and compost making. I use the leaves and young stalks for animal feed- the process is to chip them and inoculate with Grey Oyster spawn, i do this in 1 cubic meter containers in a warm environment (heat from my gasifier) roughly 24 degrees C. After about three weeks i remove about a quarter for my next batch, then fill the container with water and seal it, heat up to about 50 C. I allow this to go for about four days - this is called Hydrolysis which is the first of four stages of bio digestion. The idea is that the mycelium has broken down about 30% the the lignin which allows access to the amino acids etc. protected by the lignin you can call it stored energy! Putting it through Hydrolysis breaks up the polymers of the sugars - when the process is complete i drain and use the water on my compost, let the gestate dry and have a 24-26% protein feed for my free range pigs, also makes a great fish feed! I found using the biochar as a filter more effective ( once saturated put in garden and replace filter) and i do fill a few bags of inoculated substreight for mushroom growing. A neighbors farm is heavily encroached with Port Jackson and Acacia Cyclops - probably has enough for me to buy the farm if i use it all turning it into Energy, Carbon and Protein. Much Regards Luke
  2. Hi all, in the attached pic (hope it's there), on the left, is lignocellulose biomass. in the middle is 95% pure BioCarbon (Biochar) derived from the biomass using my gasification process. On the right what feels and looks like stones is actually residual after i process the BioCarbon through another updraft gasification process in order to produce Hydrogen gas to run a combustion motor/generator. The "residual" is actually Magnesium, Boron, Iron, Zinc etc etc the elements that the plant acquires from the soil; stores and then we consume and derive health from. I believe these elements are critical to our nutrition and why i have always promoted Aquaculture to feed the soil (Terraquaponics) as a pose to directly applying nutrient to the root system. much regards
  3. a half inch palletizing machine can be bought/ordered from an agricultural supply store, failing which Alibaba seems to have the monopoly on .. um everything! The machine is my own i am busy hooking it up to a rotary motor then into a 200KVA double bearing alternator, once it is tried and tested we can look at crossing the Atlantic, i know Gary is keen for it down under too. excess hydrogen gas is burnt off, the CO2 is caught in its solid state and returned to the earth as Biocarbon
  4. Hi Jens, yes very much so, you should pelletize the horse litter first then try get the moisture content down to less than 20% for best results. you could use the heat generated from the machine to achieve this. regards luke
  5. Here is my new mobile unit in action Senfore Mobile Unit Demonstration i am able to cut, chop and process the biomass on its own energy. In this video i am only running a 6kva genset on about 2% of its energy potential. enjoy!
  6. Hi Matt, I built several mycofilters a few years back and certainly had the best results coming from my winter trout system. Your room sounds perfect but you could need to drop the temp briefly for the mycelium to start fruiting, of course this does depend on the variety. Winter was best as it countered the gnat problem, not even sterilization of feedstock will help in this regard. The water does tend to create its own path (of least resistance) through the filter but this was not a problem as the mycelium web is so intricate that it remained moist through out constantly. All the systems i had running on mycofilters were constant run through, 2.5 liters if i remember. I recall having a separate diversion for the water to the filter and played around till it looked happy. Colour, sound and smell of the water were remarkably improved by the filtration. The fruit themselves were very different from normally grown mushroom as the water made them heavier and had an odd texture, once fried up were delicious though!! My attention did change to processing biomass with fast hydrogen pyrolysis where i am able to produce 95% pure biochar- as a filter medium i find it unparalleled not to mention using the carbon in my soil systems and gardens once inoculated with fish effluent is out of this world!
  7. Hi Gary, Yes all very much around research and development, currently have a team of students scrutinising the Bullet and the results have been fantastic!! much regards and appreciation for taking the time.
  8. just finished this presentation on seed coating: https://youtu.be/ULaDmpmRbh0 would love some feed back!
  9. there was a chap in the 40's that did some great work with the pellets in Arizona his name was Lytle Adams, then of coarse the inspirational Masanobu Fukuoka incorporated it in his reforestation programs. I really believe the process i am working on will be a "silver bullet", i presented it to a group of soil scientists last week including one from the largest chemical fertiliser company in Africa- they could not fault the approach and are extremely exited about it. will keep you all posted. as far as the backyard operation goes, i guess it depend on ones access to the ingredients- good old compost, clay (preferably good red clay) and the seeds and a bit of getting stuck in with your hands to mould the balls will work fine. There are loads of youtube sites promoting this. If you can get your hands on some powder Mycorrhiza (there will naturally be traces in your compost heap anyway) careful to not make the balls to wet in the beginning as it will get the Mycorrhiza going too early ( if you want to store the pellets for longer than 48 hours that is). a 12% moisture content is good. The compost should be aerated organic compost that is not fully decomposed as the micro organisms will have moved on.
  10. getting very exited with the development of a clay seed pellet. the concept is that soil, how ever bad we conceive it contains all the necessary nutrients and trace minerals needed to sustain healthy plant life. Due to a history of exploitative farming techniques and over use of chemicals, soil has "gone to sleep". In other words the living organisms needed to exchange the locked nutrients from the soil to the plant are no longer there. We have developed a pellet that is made up of-Biochar inoculated with EM, Mycorrhiza, volcanic rock powder, powdered bentonite clay and seed (in this case a mix of cover crop- White clover, rye and oat grass). The idea is not to deep plough the land as important gasses will be released but rather a light surface raking. The pellets are applied at the rate of about 500kg's per hector, the pellets protect the seed from various predators. Once initially watered the pellets dissolve and germination begins. During the process of root growth which is stimulated and vigorously increased by the presence of the Mycorrhiza the plant releases food fluids (exudates) into the soil at the root zone stimulating the effective microorganisms (EM) which in turn repels other pathogenic organisms. The Mycorrhiza also fights off non associated plants (weeds). Biochar has a very large water holding capacity making this technique viable in low rainfall areas. Biochar also has an exceptional cation (nutrients) exchange capacity (CEC) therefore holding nutrients rather than them being leached from the top soils it also adds the value of aeration into the soil. Basically It forms a "reef" with many legions which become the home ground for microbial activity and increasing value to the natural soil food web. The volcanic rock dust increases the availability of necessary trace elements and the clay binds the pellet as well as has an exceptional water holding capacity as well as having its own trace elements.
  11. Hi Gary Biocarbon has an energy content of 30 GJ/te. Each unit (5,000 tepy of biocarbon) can produce 1.5 MW (depends on energy conversion efficiencies) of electricity or 14 GJ (13 MMBTU) of heat. Conversion to heat is much more energy efficient than electricity production. The process utilizes local biomass, which can include forestry and agriculture waste and residual, and MSW (municipal solid waste). The process works for CCHP (combined cooling, heating and power) and remote communities to replace fossil-fuel-sourced power plants, such as diesel. Converting biomass into biocarbon produces a fuel that can be efficiently utilized to generate energy. The utilization of biomass for power generation is difficult for smaller electrical demand (<10MW), as a steam turbine is generally not economic. The generating technologies for such situations [e.g., internal combustion engines (e.g., Jenbacher), microturbines, fuel cells] are based on gasification of the biomass, producing a syngas (mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen). These technologies are sensitive to the wood tars that are produced when biomass is gasified. During the carbonization process, the wood tars are already removed in the process. regards luke
  12. "80% of people are follower, they just copy what the leaders do, it is pointless explaining anything to them unless you are from the group of leaders 15% of people are leaders they take what is established and proven and make it their own, they are usually loud,charismatic or persuasive but still have not much original thought or logic" Yahoo2 my entire mission is to encourage the next generation 20-40 years to be teachers (for the next 0-20 years, which includes my own kids, i am too old for them to listen to me )- to go back to the cross roads where greed superseded need. Where money became the reason, not just a component, of the process and take a new sustainable path that balancers environment; social with trade- The world does not need any more ego driven leadership it needs implementing teachers, doing it by example! Yahoo, i have found inoculation Biochar with Trichoderma reesei mycorrhiza amongst other nutrients works amazingly well.
  13. here are some examples of growth in same soil yet yet the potatoes on the rights soil was amended with carbon. The carrots are 6-7 weeks old and the results rediculouse thanks to Ravnis for the help in posting pics
  14. South African farmers are caught up in a vacuum, a very one dimensional thought pattern and the answer to low yield is simply throw more chemical fertiliser- it all leeches straight through and causes huge problems to aquifers. Currently cost of production surpasses yield and agri business is a debt tsunami. Using the Biochar as a soil amendment holds fertiliser and more importantly the critical gasses in the top layers. The best way to convince a farmer to change his habits is to introduce his wife to the realities, she pretty much puts him straight! Here i am doing it through the agricultural colleges, slightly political but my tact is to catch em young! another great advantage is the Carbons ability to hold water and only release it as needed, in Australia i would imagine this would be of great benefit. Gary, been getting huge energy from the stack emissions (syngas) especially on plastic and rubber tyres (low carbon though) while less energy and more carbon with wood (33%) and about 30000 btu per kg.
  15. Hi Yahoo, here is a link to my unit: its continuous flow, processing about half a ton of biomass an hour and am currently producing 96% pure carbon. much regards
  16. i have been playing with Biochar (i have a waste to energy system using fast pyrolysis, processing alien vegetation) that has been giving me exceptional results as far as soil amendment goes- i would love to post pics to show results but am unable! is there anyone else out there using Biochar?
  17. NOOOO, sorry Mate had to apply the ABS on this. First chip the Tree Biomass (woody stuff) Then allow to dry - time depends on conditions Soak substrate in water overnight then allow to drip dry for about 6 hours I put the substrate into 3kg plastic bags Pasteurize substrate at about 78'C for 4 hours, let it cool down to around 30-32'C Inoculate with Spawn, tricky process that must be done in very sterile environment Incubate for 2-3 weeks in about 24'C pitch dark environment (After about 3-4 days the mycelium should start running, i like to put fine holes in to allow some oxygen) Once bag turns pretty much white, expose to either below 16'C for short time or 12 hours bright light to shock mycelium into fruiting Can put larger holes in at this point and watch for pinning Can fruit up to three times re-chip spent substrate, will go into a fine fluffy compost I then put it into Enzymic Hydrolysis reactor I add everyday and get liquid out every day, which i ferment Need to get a bit more scientific for you on time data will pursue You can feed the fine spent substrate to BSF and skip the hydrolysis Spawn should be very easily located just about everywhere - going to have to consult the Oracle (Google) on this one! You preferably wont wood chips, and can add a bit of straw (15%) to counter contamination as the mycelium takes to the straw quickly I am off up country to do some consultation work, but will follow this up with a pictorial step-by-step process on my return. Much regards Luke
  18. Hi Gary, first off so sorry Mate, i have been so engrossed in my work that i have shut out most of the world around me. Wife and kids doing their nut- but am taking the weekend off to go camping with them up the coast and catch ourselves some Lobster! In the hard board and ceiling board world wood-chip has a roll to play but there is little place left for sawdust. Mountains of the stuff are piling up and many countries have legislation which prohibits this. The main problem with composting it, is breaking down the lignin. Lignin is the hard cellulose wall which protects the Cellulose and hemicellulose biomass that is essentially different forms of sugar monomers. Hemicellulose is easier to hydrolyze (break up the polymers, or liquify the biomass) than Cellulose which is crystalline. Hydrolysis is the first of four processes in Biodigestion and is basically an oxygen free environment at around body temperature (37'C). The enzymes that work in this environment shorten the polymers and essentially turn it into glucose rich liquid. This liquid can be fermented into biofuel and even distilled into ethenol. Other uses are feedstock, to create animal feed in many different forms from algae to BSF feed to just about anything - its all about the food chain! White Rot Fungi is natures way of breaking down lignin, in our case we use Oyster mushroom spawn. Whats left after this process is called spent substrate (full of kilowatts and kilojoules). There is a belief that White rot fungi was responsible for the end of oil/coal production as the energy stored in the lignin polymers petrified in the rotting wood which no longer occurs. At the same time if used correctly white rot fungi gives us a much quicker access to this valuable resource. large refineries use pyrolysis and catalytic chemicals to "crack" the lignin, this is expensive and very unstable. Growing mushrooms is far more pleasurable and profitable. I have been using Australian Port jackson wood-chip very successfully and eucalyptus sawdust. I would like to point out that traditional Oyster Mushroom growers try to get a weight conversion ratio of 1:1 between substrate and mushroom production. This is usually done by using a chemical cocktail that balancers all sorts of necessary ingredients in their substrate, i get a about 1-1,5kg mushroom fruit per 3kg pure Port Jackson or eucalyptus, but there are no chemicals and i do not pay for it. This is only the beginning phase but i think a good start for now, i will try answer any questions with in my experiencers (as soon as i get back). I have made loads of wonderful mistakes which have been costly, frustrating and totally worth it- as the learning has been incredible! much regards Luke
  19. Three of the five survived, one died soon after transferring and the other was a serious runt. The three white ones are the orphans and the much larger darker one is hers, all eating solids and doing well. please forgive awful quality of pic
  20. think you are most probably right, just thought it would be nice to have a place to put the overview of the whole project. I think there are a few others, including our fearless leader, who are doing similar things.
  21. Hi Abe, i am turning into a bit of a production monster. i am not doing much fruiting myself- have got a lot of local farmers going on that side. my focus is to sell the inoculated bags ready to pin at a very reasonable price. I am hoping that they will be able to compete at the same price as Buttons which enjoy a huge slice of the South African market. The idea is to provide a very cheap form of protein. Of coarse my real focus is cleaning up the land. I have requested Kellen a "sustainable living" or something along those lines in the Sustainable section, perhaps i was pushing my luck! or perhaps you can suggest the right place to put this project? much regards luke
  22. Hi all been a little crazy around here, and really need to take more pics. here is another of "The land" here we are chipping Port Jackson (Acacia saligna) once soaked we are bagging them in 3kg lots and steaming the chip at 80'C for about 3 hours slowly cooling over night. here is yours truly loading the converted pond/pool steamer once inoculated they go straight into incubation as you can see the mycelium is running beautifuly. The temp in the incubator/shipping container is around 24'C. Abe i will go into the finer details of the hydrolysis and feedstock process shortly much regards luke
  23. are you having a mild winter Kimocal? never experienced gnats in winter. what are your temp and humidity readings in your tent? do you have a compost heap near by? or perhaps fruit trees? just trying to get to the source of the problem. regards luke
  24. Greetings Abe, It has been an incredible journey and i really do have you to thank- you were the original inspiration! i am currently running a 1300 liter tank with 32 Tilapia through a 35cm x 20cm x 30cm filter. i replace the substrate every 2,5 to 3 months and am getting up to 6 flushers- crazy! on the current one i am growing some rice, just for fun, growing beautifully on top of the substrate. i am growing Grey Winter Oysters (Pleaurotus Ostreatus). This is aside from the serious Oyster and King Oyster production. I find it better to use the spent substrate for BSF and feed that to fish, chickens and other live stock. What was very successful was putting the spent substrate through a hydrolysis reactor (first stage of bio-digestion) and then growing algae which i fed to Daphnia and then both to the Tilapia. For some crazy reason i have had no luck trying to post pics- very frustrating! perhaps i will send some pics by e-mail to Kellen and he can post them. much regards and appreciation luke
  25. Thank you Gary, high praise! At the same time i also believe as we are all different and live unique sets of circumstances there is no blue print. The key is understanding our specific needs in relation to our immediate environment and to enhance our and the environments well being, in order to leave something for the next generations. This platform is ideal for sharing and inspiring, but at the end of the day i think it is good to push ones own boundaries, without hurting any fish preferably, as to the ability to provide one self with healthy food- it is etched within all our DNA. We live in troubled times when speculative money junkies have traded food on stock exchangers for their own profit and the subsidization of food for energy has left over a billion people starving, right now! it should not be so- our lives are not up to be gambled with! And so i believe it is the responsibility of each one of us to do it for ourselves, which can be done in the smallest of placers if we fully integrate three dimensional space. In my humble opinion the sense of true freedom lies in the extent of our own sovereignty much regards
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