lukeboshier

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About lukeboshier

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  • Birthday 07/26/68

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  • Location
    south africa

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  • Interests
    intergrated food production systems, appropriate rural skills development
  1. Greetings to all! Nice to see this thread still going... This work with leguminous woody plants progressed into developing updraft gasifiers where i not only energize my farm but produce +/- 90% pure Biochar. My feedstock of choice is Acacia Saligna (Port Jackson) and Acacia Cyclops (Rooikrans) which is regarded as invasive in South Africa. The larger pieces are sold off as fire wood and the rest is chipped for Biochar and compost making. I use the leaves and young stalks for animal feed- the process is to chip them and inoculate with Grey Oyster spawn, i do this in 1 cubic meter containers in a warm environment (heat from my gasifier) roughly 24 degrees C. After about three weeks i remove about a quarter for my next batch, then fill the container with water and seal it, heat up to about 50 C. I allow this to go for about four days - this is called Hydrolysis which is the first of four stages of bio digestion. The idea is that the mycelium has broken down about 30% the the lignin which allows access to the amino acids etc. protected by the lignin you can call it stored energy! Putting it through Hydrolysis breaks up the polymers of the sugars - when the process is complete i drain and use the water on my compost, let the gestate dry and have a 24-26% protein feed for my free range pigs, also makes a great fish feed! I found using the biochar as a filter more effective ( once saturated put in garden and replace filter) and i do fill a few bags of inoculated substreight for mushroom growing. A neighbors farm is heavily encroached with Port Jackson and Acacia Cyclops - probably has enough for me to buy the farm if i use it all turning it into Energy, Carbon and Protein. Much Regards Luke
  2. Hi all, in the attached pic (hope it's there), on the left, is lignocellulose biomass. in the middle is 95% pure BioCarbon (Biochar) derived from the biomass using my gasification process. On the right what feels and looks like stones is actually residual after i process the BioCarbon through another updraft gasification process in order to produce Hydrogen gas to run a combustion motor/generator. The "residual" is actually Magnesium, Boron, Iron, Zinc etc etc the elements that the plant acquires from the soil; stores and then we consume and derive health from. I believe these elements are critical to our nutrition and why i have always promoted Aquaculture to feed the soil (Terraquaponics) as a pose to directly applying nutrient to the root system. much regards
  3. a half inch palletizing machine can be bought/ordered from an agricultural supply store, failing which Alibaba seems to have the monopoly on .. um everything! The machine is my own i am busy hooking it up to a rotary motor then into a 200KVA double bearing alternator, once it is tried and tested we can look at crossing the Atlantic, i know Gary is keen for it down under too. excess hydrogen gas is burnt off, the CO2 is caught in its solid state and returned to the earth as Biocarbon
  4. Hi Jens, yes very much so, you should pelletize the horse litter first then try get the moisture content down to less than 20% for best results. you could use the heat generated from the machine to achieve this. regards luke
  5. Here is my new mobile unit in action Senfore Mobile Unit Demonstration i am able to cut, chop and process the biomass on its own energy. In this video i am only running a 6kva genset on about 2% of its energy potential. enjoy!
  6. Hi Matt, I built several mycofilters a few years back and certainly had the best results coming from my winter trout system. Your room sounds perfect but you could need to drop the temp briefly for the mycelium to start fruiting, of course this does depend on the variety. Winter was best as it countered the gnat problem, not even sterilization of feedstock will help in this regard. The water does tend to create its own path (of least resistance) through the filter but this was not a problem as the mycelium web is so intricate that it remained moist through out constantly. All the systems i had running on mycofilters were constant run through, 2.5 liters if i remember. I recall having a separate diversion for the water to the filter and played around till it looked happy. Colour, sound and smell of the water were remarkably improved by the filtration. The fruit themselves were very different from normally grown mushroom as the water made them heavier and had an odd texture, once fried up were delicious though!! My attention did change to processing biomass with fast hydrogen pyrolysis where i am able to produce 95% pure biochar- as a filter medium i find it unparalleled not to mention using the carbon in my soil systems and gardens once inoculated with fish effluent is out of this world!
  7. Hi Gary, Yes all very much around research and development, currently have a team of students scrutinising the Bullet and the results have been fantastic!! much regards and appreciation for taking the time.
  8. just finished this presentation on seed coating: https://youtu.be/ULaDmpmRbh0 would love some feed back!
  9. there was a chap in the 40's that did some great work with the pellets in Arizona his name was Lytle Adams, then of coarse the inspirational Masanobu Fukuoka incorporated it in his reforestation programs. I really believe the process i am working on will be a "silver bullet", i presented it to a group of soil scientists last week including one from the largest chemical fertiliser company in Africa- they could not fault the approach and are extremely exited about it. will keep you all posted. as far as the backyard operation goes, i guess it depend on ones access to the ingredients- good old compost, clay (preferably good red clay) and the seeds and a bit of getting stuck in with your hands to mould the balls will work fine. There are loads of youtube sites promoting this. If you can get your hands on some powder Mycorrhiza (there will naturally be traces in your compost heap anyway) careful to not make the balls to wet in the beginning as it will get the Mycorrhiza going too early ( if you want to store the pellets for longer than 48 hours that is). a 12% moisture content is good. The compost should be aerated organic compost that is not fully decomposed as the micro organisms will have moved on.
  10. getting very exited with the development of a clay seed pellet. the concept is that soil, how ever bad we conceive it contains all the necessary nutrients and trace minerals needed to sustain healthy plant life. Due to a history of exploitative farming techniques and over use of chemicals, soil has "gone to sleep". In other words the living organisms needed to exchange the locked nutrients from the soil to the plant are no longer there. We have developed a pellet that is made up of-Biochar inoculated with EM, Mycorrhiza, volcanic rock powder, powdered bentonite clay and seed (in this case a mix of cover crop- White clover, rye and oat grass). The idea is not to deep plough the land as important gasses will be released but rather a light surface raking. The pellets are applied at the rate of about 500kg's per hector, the pellets protect the seed from various predators. Once initially watered the pellets dissolve and germination begins. During the process of root growth which is stimulated and vigorously increased by the presence of the Mycorrhiza the plant releases food fluids (exudates) into the soil at the root zone stimulating the effective microorganisms (EM) which in turn repels other pathogenic organisms. The Mycorrhiza also fights off non associated plants (weeds). Biochar has a very large water holding capacity making this technique viable in low rainfall areas. Biochar also has an exceptional cation (nutrients) exchange capacity (CEC) therefore holding nutrients rather than them being leached from the top soils it also adds the value of aeration into the soil. Basically It forms a "reef" with many legions which become the home ground for microbial activity and increasing value to the natural soil food web. The volcanic rock dust increases the availability of necessary trace elements and the clay binds the pellet as well as has an exceptional water holding capacity as well as having its own trace elements.
  11. Hi Gary Biocarbon has an energy content of 30 GJ/te. Each unit (5,000 tepy of biocarbon) can produce 1.5 MW (depends on energy conversion efficiencies) of electricity or 14 GJ (13 MMBTU) of heat. Conversion to heat is much more energy efficient than electricity production. The process utilizes local biomass, which can include forestry and agriculture waste and residual, and MSW (municipal solid waste). The process works for CCHP (combined cooling, heating and power) and remote communities to replace fossil-fuel-sourced power plants, such as diesel. Converting biomass into biocarbon produces a fuel that can be efficiently utilized to generate energy. The utilization of biomass for power generation is difficult for smaller electrical demand (<10MW), as a steam turbine is generally not economic. The generating technologies for such situations [e.g., internal combustion engines (e.g., Jenbacher), microturbines, fuel cells] are based on gasification of the biomass, producing a syngas (mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen). These technologies are sensitive to the wood tars that are produced when biomass is gasified. During the carbonization process, the wood tars are already removed in the process. regards luke
  12. "80% of people are follower, they just copy what the leaders do, it is pointless explaining anything to them unless you are from the group of leaders 15% of people are leaders they take what is established and proven and make it their own, they are usually loud,charismatic or persuasive but still have not much original thought or logic" Yahoo2 my entire mission is to encourage the next generation 20-40 years to be teachers (for the next 0-20 years, which includes my own kids, i am too old for them to listen to me )- to go back to the cross roads where greed superseded need. Where money became the reason, not just a component, of the process and take a new sustainable path that balancers environment; social with trade- The world does not need any more ego driven leadership it needs implementing teachers, doing it by example! Yahoo, i have found inoculation Biochar with Trichoderma reesei mycorrhiza amongst other nutrients works amazingly well.
  13. here are some examples of growth in same soil yet yet the potatoes on the rights soil was amended with carbon. The carrots are 6-7 weeks old and the results rediculouse thanks to Ravnis for the help in posting pics
  14. South African farmers are caught up in a vacuum, a very one dimensional thought pattern and the answer to low yield is simply throw more chemical fertiliser- it all leeches straight through and causes huge problems to aquifers. Currently cost of production surpasses yield and agri business is a debt tsunami. Using the Biochar as a soil amendment holds fertiliser and more importantly the critical gasses in the top layers. The best way to convince a farmer to change his habits is to introduce his wife to the realities, she pretty much puts him straight! Here i am doing it through the agricultural colleges, slightly political but my tact is to catch em young! another great advantage is the Carbons ability to hold water and only release it as needed, in Australia i would imagine this would be of great benefit. Gary, been getting huge energy from the stack emissions (syngas) especially on plastic and rubber tyres (low carbon though) while less energy and more carbon with wood (33%) and about 30000 btu per kg.
  15. Hi Yahoo, here is a link to my unit: its continuous flow, processing about half a ton of biomass an hour and am currently producing 96% pure carbon. much regards